Taking Cinnamon to New Heights
Posted on 19/07/2019
Driving with the windows down into the mountainous village of Nam Det 1 in Bac Ha District, Lao Cai, the sweet smell of cinnamon is in the air. This village is dependent on cinnamon with few other livelihood options.
Cinnamon, or more precisely, Cinnamomum Cassia, is indigenous to Vietnam and brings economic benefit to many other ethnic minority areas in the Country. Vietnam ranks third worldwide in cinnamon production after Indonesia and Sri Lanka. Cinnamon from Vietnam is exported to India, the Middle East, Japan, Korea, the US and the EU.
Lao Cai is now the second largest cinnamon growing area in the country with total cinnamon cultivation area of up to 27,000 hectares in 2017. There are three distinct value chains for cinnamon – bark, oil and wood. Cinnamon bark is generally peeled, graded and packaged for export market. The bark may be used as sticks or ground to make cinnamon powder and used in cooking. Cinnamon oil is made from the leaves of the cinnamon tree as is reputed to nourish the skin, alleviate aches and stiffness in the muscles and joints. The wood from the cinnamon tree is used for furniture and in the building industry.
Although cinnamon production has a long history in Vietnam, it has not reached its full potential. Key challenges include ensuring quality standards as 90% of the product is exported, developing stronger links between companies and farmers including provision of technical assistance and investment in warehousing and value-added processing within Vietnam. For example, with cinnamon oil it is necessary to undergo further processing to make it safe as can have a blood thinning effect.
GREAT is supporting a number of cinnamon initiatives including a project by Son Ha Spice & Flavourings Company that includes Nam Det 1 Village. The project will support the expansion of organic cinnamon production through connecting farmers to Son Ha’s new processing facilities in Lao Cai and training to increase productivity and meet organic standards. The project has a target to increase income for 1044 women (over 90% from Dao minority).
The project will enable more remote communities to participate in the Company’s value chain. Through working with Son Ha, local extension services and government agencies will have improved capacity in the provision of technical assistance on organic production. Given the scale, the project will help build Lao Cai as a production hub for organic cinnamon with the potential to attract additional private sector investment.
GREAT is also supporting a project by Vinasamex Joint Stock Company and SNV in collaboration with the Lao Cai Agricultural Extension Service Centre that will help grow the sector and bring benefit to ethnic minority women in Van Ban and neighbouring districts.